The Golden temple is located in the holy city of the Sikhs, Amritsar and is treated as as one of the holy shrines and an pilgrimage destination for Sikhs from all over the world. It is known to be called as Central Gurudwara for Sikhs.
History of the Temple:
In 1588 Guru Arjan Dev started building the Golden Temple completed it and installed the Granth Sahib in 1604. The temple is built with burnt brick and lime. Later on, legendary Emperor Ranjeet Singh, often referred to as Sher-e-Punjab, during his reign (1799-1839) renovated the temple with gold and exquisite marble work.
About Golden temple:
Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the fabulous Golden Temple. The Golden Temple is a two storied structure embellished with marbles and covered by a golden dome. The exterior of the temple is plated with gold. Amritsarovar temple is built on a square platform, which is surrounded by a large lake ( sarovar ) known as the Amritsarovar ( Pool of nectar ). There is a way across the pool to reach the temple. This way is decorated with marble and has beautiful lamps on either side.
Belief of the devotees about this Amritsarovar:
Many of the devotess believe that Amritsarovar contains medicinal herbs which can cure ailments. Many devotees visiting the Golden temple take a holy bath in the pool to clean themselves before entering the temple. The temple has entrances on all four sides signifying that it is welcome to everyone irrespective of caste or religion .
Inside the temple:
The floor of the temple is covered with marble tiles while the ceiling has intricate inlay work. As soon as you enter the temple you can see the Guru Granth Sahib placed on a beautiful jewel studded base. The Shish Mahal or Mirror room is there in the second floor which is layered with different patterns of mirrors and is constructed in such a way that there is a opening in the centre, by which you can view the ground floor from the second level. The Shish Mahal is covered by the beautiful golden dome with minarets.
Other attractions in the temple:
Within the temple there are many shrines dedicated to past Sikh gurus, sages and martyrs. There is an information office near the main entrance of the temple and you can ask any help if needed.
The Sikh central museum, which has a gallery of paintings, is also located close to the clock tower entrance. There is a community kitchen that serves free meals to thousands of people every day.
The atmosphere of the Golden temple is exceptionally calm, serene and peaceful. This magnificent temple gives you a feel of spiritual paradise.
How to reach Golden temple:
Amritsar has an International airport called the Raj Sani Airport. This airport is well connected to Delhi to Amritsar, Chandigarh to Amritsar, Mumbai to Amritsar and other cities within the country as well as some foreign countries.
It is directly connected to important cities like Delhi, Chandigarh, Mumbai, Kolkata, Dehradun, Jammu etc through Indian rail.
Grant Trunk road connects Amritsar to the capital city Delhi. There are regular buses to Amritsar from Delhi to Amritsar, Chandigarh to Amritsar. There are also various bus services that connect Amritsar to different cities across the country.